1. Steve McCaffery, "And Who Remembers Bobby Sands?" (1985), in North of Intention: Critical Writings 1973-86 (New York: Roof Books, 1986). p. 39. This book is subsequently cited in the text as NI.

2. Charles Bernstein, "Artifice of Absorption," A Poetics (Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1992), p.54..

3. In her Author's Note, Howe explains that Cabbage Gardens was written before Secret History of the Dividing Line, although published subsequently.

4. Clint Burnham, "An Interview with Steve McCaffery, Witz 1, no. 2 (Fall 1992): 3.